The field of information security analysis is projected to grow 18 percent by 2024, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. An ethical hacker is a popular job in the field and can earn $100,000 per year. These hackers are hired to legally attempt to penetrate systems to find vulnerabilities in security and use that knowledge to improve the systems they investigate. They search for open ports, evade firewalls, crack encryption, examine patch installations, and check the trash bins for compromising information.“White hat” hacker is a slang term used to describe ethical hackers in contrast with “black hat” hackers who hack maliciously and without permission to cause problems or steal information. A background in IT and certification are key to succeeding in this field.